Have you planned a cruise? If so, should you cancel due to the spread of the coronavirus epidemic around the world? If not, is this a good time to go? After all, cruise-ship companies are rolling out deals as low as $300 for week-long voyages after a slew of bad press related to COVID-19. But is that enough to step on board given the current climate around coronavirus?
Worldwide, there were 109,711 COVID-19 cases and 3,802 deaths as of Sunday evening; 60,694 people worldwide have recovered, according to data published by the Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering’s Center for Systems Science and Engineering. In the U.S., 19 people have died, and there are approximately 497 confirmed cases.
The biggest threats to those contemplating a cruise are the prospect of being quarantined on a vessel should a port refuse to allow the ship to dock and, of course, someone aboard testing positive and the virus spreading among crew members and passengers. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises people not to take a cruise to or within Asia.
A Princess Cruises ship, the Grand Princess, en route from Hawaii to Mexico, remains stranded off the coast of California after an elderly man who had sailed on the ship’s previous voyage died of the new coronavirus last month. Some 21 people have tested positive for the coronavirus-borne disease COVID-19 on the ship. The ship will be allowed to dock in Oakland on Monday.
Speaking about the Grand Princess on Friday, President Trump said he would rather the passenger stay put, “I’d rather have the people stay. But I’d go with them. I told them to make the final decision. I would rather — because I like the numbers being where they are. I don’t need to have the numbers double because of one ship that wasn’t our fault.”
Last month, another Princess Cruises ship, the Diamond Princess, was quarantined off Japan for two weeks. Dozens of people tested positive for the virus, and seven passengers from that cruise ship have died, Japanese public broadcaster NHK said Saturday. Princess Cruises and Carnival Corp. did not respond to request for comment.
Travel on cruise ships is particularly popular among families and the elderly, and the risk of contagion is relatively high on a ship. Younger children with strong immune systems have the lowest fatality rate from COVID-19, but those with stronger immune systems may be prone to spreading the virus to those most at risk of dying from the disease.
Coronavirus has an estimated incubation period of up to two weeks. That can affect how fast an outbreak spreads. If people die from an illness sooner, they are less likely to be walking on the deck, swimming in the pool, eating in the restaurants and, thus, less likely to spread the virus. The incubation period for SARS between November 2002 and July 2003 was typically 2 to 7 days.
After several other high-profile cases of cruises being quarantined and stranded offshore, people are obviously nervous about traveling by cruise. Cruise lines have updated their cancellation policies to allow passengers, especially elderly passengers who may be worried about congregating in enclosed spaces, to cancel and re-book trips at future dates.
• Carnival Corp. CCL, -2.58%, which owns Princess Cruises, allows passengers to cancel a trip without penalty between now and May 31, but they must use their credits before March 31, 2021.
• Celebrity Cruises and Royal Caribbean RCL, -1.17% also allow travelers to cancel up to two days before departure between now and July 31, but they must use credits before Dec. 31, 2021.
• Passengers on Norwegian Cruise Line NCL, -4.11% may cancel two days in advance of trips scheduled between now and July 31 and must use their travel credits before Dec. 31, 2022.
• Disney Cruise DIS, +1.13% passengers may cancel trips scheduled to sail before May 31 as little as a day in advance and must redeem their credits within 12 months of their original cruise date.
Disney, like most major cruise lines, has introduced precautionary measures for future sailings and warns passengers that they will not be allowed to disembark in certain countries, if they have recently visited or even had a stopover in a place where there was a severe outbreak of coronavirus. All guests and crew members will have their temperatures checked by a nurse prior to boarding.
“If your cruise includes a stop in Nassau or Castaway Cay, please note that the Bahamas will not allow anyone to disembark in any Bahamian port if they have been to China, South Korea, Italy or Iran in the past 20 days prior to arrival,” Disney Cruises said in a statement. Italy has said it will quarantine people in the northern part of the country, one-quarter of the population.
Disney also said that some passengers will effectively be denied boarding. “If your cruise includes a stop in Jamaica, please note that in addition to the locations noted above, officials there also will not allow guests who have traveled from, to or through Singapore within 14 days of arrival to disembark. These guests will be unable to sail.”
How COVID-19 is transmitted
Carnival Corp. is down 49.3% year-to-date. Royal Caribbean is down 51% over the same period, while Norwegian has fallen 53.6%. Disney is down 20.3% year-to-date, as people have been worried about congregating in crowds in recent weeks. The Dow Jones Industrial Index DJIA, -0.98% is down 9.4% and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index SPX, -1.70% has fallen 8%.
Also Sunday, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Ben Carson said that he was unsure what exactly would happen to the passengers on the stranded Grand Princess cruise ship after it docks in Oakland, Calif., on Monday. The ship, en route from Hawaii to Mexico, remains stuck at sea after being previously refused permission to dock in California.
Carson was speaking in a one-on-one interview with ABC News’ George Stephanopoulos about the Trump administration’s response to the novel coronavirus, and appeared reluctant to discuss the issue. Twenty-one people aboard the Grand Princess have reportedly tested positive for COVID-19 — 19 of them crew members.
“The cruise-ship personnel and, as you now, the vice president met with the CEOs of the major cruise-ship companies yesterday, and they are coming up with a plan within 72 hours of that meeting,” Carson said in the interview with Stephanopoulos on ABC DIS, +1.13%. Stephanopoulos reminded Carson that the Princess Cruises was docking within 24 hours.
Carson responded, “The plan will be in place by that time, but I don’t want to preview the plan right now” Carson said the ship, which has around 3,500 passengers on board, confirmed that no plan was in place as yet. “I think it all needs to come from a solitary source. We shouldn’t have 16 people saying what the plan is, particularly when it hasn’t been fully formulated.”