Joe Biden has a critical task ahead of him: containing COVID-19.
While the U.S. makes up approximately 4% of the world’s population, it has had approximately 20% of all COVID-19 cases. As of Thursday, the U.S. had reported 10.4 million COVID-19 infections and 241,800 deaths, just ahead of India (8.7 million cases to date). To put that in context: The U.S. has a population of 328 million people versus 1.35 billion in India.
The U.S. daily tally of coronavirus infections topped 140,000 on Wednesday, a new daily record and ninth consecutive day of 100,000-plus new case. Hospitals in the Midwest and southern states including Texas and Florida continued to feel the strain. Hospitalizations are at their highest level since the pandemic began, up 30% since Nov. 1, according to the Covid Tracking Project.
Analysts say there were two issues on the ballot: the economy and coronavirus. The two, of course, are now inevitably, critically intertwined. Biden has reportedly already started working on the transition of power with his team, including coordinating his strategy for COVID-19. Biden’s transition team also announced a new coronavirus task force Monday.
“ ‘Since the pandemic began, IDSA has called for a comprehensive and well-coordinated response rooted in the best available scientific data.’ ”
“Dealing with the coronavirus pandemic is one of the most important battles our administration will face, and I will be informed by science and by experts,” Biden said in a statement. “The advisory board will help shape my approach to managing the surge in reported infections; ensuring vaccines are safe, effective, and distributed efficiently, equitably, and free; and protecting at-risk populations.”
The Transition COVID-19 Advisory Board will be led by co-chairs Dr. David Kessler, a professor of pediatrics and epidemiology and biostatistics at UCSF, Dr. Vivek Murthy, who served as the 19th Surgeon General of the United States from 2014-2017, and Dr. Marcella Nunez-Smith, an associate professor of internal medicine, public health, and management at Yale University.
On Monday morning, Pfizer, BioNTech said their COVID-19 vaccine candidate BNT162b2 is 90% effective in first interim analysis of Phase 3 study in trial participants without previous evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Pfizer Chief Executive Dr. Albert Bourla sounded an optimistic tone in a statement: “Today is a great day for science and humanity.”
The companies said they are planning to submit for Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to the Food and Drug Administration soon after the safety milestones are met, which is currently expected in the third week of November. Assuming the vaccine is effective and reaches the market, there will be many logistical and distribution issues to solve in the months ahead.
Biden welcomed the news, but urged people to still take precautions. “It is also important to understand that the end of the battle against COVID-19 is still months away,” he said in a statement, adding, “Even if that is achieved, and some Americans are vaccinated later this year, it will be many more months before there is widespread vaccination in this country.”
“ ‘We’re about to see all of these little epidemics across the country, crossed and mixed, and it’s going to be an awful lot like pouring gasoline on a fire.’ ”
The Infectious Diseases Society of America told MarketWatch that Biden’s plans for combating the pandemic reflects its own key tenets. “Since the pandemic began, IDSA has called for a comprehensive and well-coordinated response rooted in the best available scientific data,” said Amanda Jezek, IDSA’s senior vice president of public policy and government relations.
Jezek also said that the IDSA supported Biden’s promise to update the public regularly. “Clear communication with the public is an essential component of efforts to control the pandemic. Collecting and sharing data in a transparent manner is important to build public trust and to help people make informed decisions to reduce their risk of transmission,” she added.
While the scientific community has traditionally stayed out of politics, the medical journal Nature endorsed Biden’s bid for the presidency and his pandemic plan. “He has shown that he respects the values of research, and has vowed to work to restore the United States’ fractured global relationships. For these reasons, Nature is endorsing Biden,” it said in an editorial on Oct. 3.
“Biden’s campaign has worked closely with researchers to develop comprehensive plans on COVID-19 and climate change,” it added. “He has pledged that decisions on the pandemic response will be made by public-health professionals and not by politicians; and he is rightly committing to restoring the ability of these professionals to communicate directly with the public.”
Echoing this sentiment, Larry Levitt, executive vice president for health policy at the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonprofit, private foundation in Menlo Park, Calif., cited Biden’s pledge to put “scientists and public-health leaders front and center” to communicate with the American public and to ensure the federal government has primary responsibility on the coronavirus.
Here is a summary of Biden’s pandemic plan:
1. Push for a national mask mandate
Speaking in his home town of Wilmington, Del. on the campaign trail, Biden vowed to push for more Americans to wear masks. “First, I’ll go to every governor and urge them to mandate mask wearing in their states, and, if they refuse, I’ll go to the mayors and county executives and get local mask requirements in place nationwide,” he said. President Trump has described mask wearing is “politically correct.”
Jezek said the IDSA supports this policy. “In August, IDSA began calling for a national mask mandate, as compelling scientific data indicate that masks significantly reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission,” she said. “Further, modeling suggests that near universal masking could prevent 180,000 COVID-19 deaths. We continue to support a national mask mandate.”
2. Paid sick leave and caregiving leave
In addition to his pledge to raise the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour from $7.25 an hour, Biden has said the pandemic has highlighted the lack of labor protections for millions of workers, such as paid sick and caregiving leave, and he advocates hazard pay, for essential workers who risk their health and are typically paid low wages.
President-elect Biden’s goal of strengthening the workforce needed to respond to COVID-19 and prepare for future pandemics is laudable, and this workforce must include public health professionals, clinicians and scientists.” Jezek said. “Approximately 208 million Americans live in areas with little or no access to an infectious diseases physician.”
3. CDC tracker for coronavirus patients
Earlier this year, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services temporarily changed the way hospitals reported critical information on the coronavirus pandemic to the government, taking the responsibility for data collection away form the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After a backlash from public-health officials, however, the department reversed that decision in August.
Biden wants more transparency. He said he will instruct the CDC to establish real-time dashboards tracking hospital admissions related to COVID-19, especially for ICUs and emergency departments, in concert with the American Hospital Association and large hospital chains and supply-chain information on personal protective equipment and other important supplies.
Former U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb told CNBC on Friday, “We’re going to see these case numbers really start to explode,” he said, adding that hospitalizations are also a key cause of concern. There are now nearly 57,000 people hospitalized with the virus. “That’s really the number to watch, he said. That’s a lot, and it’s growing very quickly.”
“ With no epicenter, health professionals have warned that it’s more difficult to share and pass along ventilators and other equipment from state to state. ”
Health professionals have warned that hospitals could become overwhelmed and, with the disease swarming the country, it’s more difficult to share and pass along ventilators and other life-saving equipment from state to state. During the first surge of the coronavirus in April, there were hot spots in places like New York, while many parts of the south and midwest were spared the worst.
But not this time. Dr. Megan Ranney, an emergency physician at Brown University, expressed optimism about Biden’s pandemic plan to CNN on Sunday, but said she was concerned about the burden on the health-care system: “We’re about to see all of these little epidemics across the country, crossed and mixed, and it’s going to be an awful lot like pouring gasoline on a fire,” she said.
It will be “all hands on deck” for the Biden administration, said Dr. Jehan “Gigi” el-Bayoumi, a professor of medicine at George Washington University. She said she was “relieved” that Biden won the election. “We are in a four-alarm fire, and we need to not only get everybody to stop the fire, stop it from spreading, but also figure out what caused the fire in the first place.”
4. Protecting and restoring Obamacare
Protecting Obamacare will be one of the first priorities for President-elect Biden. He previously expressed fears that a U.S. Supreme Court conservative 6-3 majority, made possible by newly confirmed Justice Amy Coney Barrett, could finally dismantle former President Barack Obama’s Affordable Care Act, and deprive millions of people of health-care coverage.
Some 7.7 million Americans who were laid off during the pandemic lost their employer-sponsored health coverage as of June. Those plans covered some 6.9 million of their dependents, impacting up to 14.6 million individuals, according to a report published by the Commonwealth Fund, a private foundation that supports health-care issues.
5. Free COVID-19 tests for all
Biden has pledged free testing for all Americans, whether or not they have health insurance: that is, no co-payments, no deductibles, and no surprise medical billing. “We should be investigating a great deal more money in testing and tracing,” he told CBS News this month. “It’s not enough to know in seven days or five days or three days whether or not you have COVID.”
“IDSA agrees with increasing access to testing and testing capacity. In addition to ensuring that everyone who needs a test can get one, we must also improve turnaround time on tests to ensure results are sufficiently rapid to effectively inform contact tracing, isolation and quarantine,” Jezek said. “We also need a strategy to ensure a sufficient inventory of tests and testing supplies.”
Trump has defended his response to the coronavirus pandemic. He issued a partial travel ban on China on Jan. 31, with initial reports having emerged in late 2019 of the outbreak in Wuhan, China. Trump followed up with more travel bans in February and March that covered Europe and other hot spots where the virus was showing signs of spiking.
The president said his “operation warp speed” vaccine development is on track. “Under my leadership, we’re delivering a safe vaccine and a rapid recovery like no one can even believe,” Trump said ahead of the election, one week after he himself recovered from COVID-19. “If you look at our upward path, no country in the world has recovered the way we have recovered.”
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“ President Trump has defended his response to the pandemic. He issued a partial travel ban on China on Jan. 31, with initial reports having emerged in late 2019 of the outbreak in Wuhan, China. ”
“We created this rush and we didn’t have the ability to test or quarantine those people, so that seeded the disease here,” Gates said. He pointed to the two coasts, and said that travel from Asia and Europe cast the dye. “March saw this incredible explosion — the West Coast coming from China and then the East Coast coming out of Europe,” he added.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, an immunologist and the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and an expert in infectious diseases for the last four decades, has expressed concerns about a “twindemic” of COVID-19 and seasonal influenza as the U.S. enters flu season, and urged Americans to get their flu shots.
Fauci has said that he’s hopeful that a coronavirus vaccine could be developed by early 2021, but has repeatedly said it’s unlikely that a vaccine will deliver 100% immunity. He said the best realistic outcome, based on other vaccines, would be 70% to 75% effective. The measles vaccine, he said, is among the most effective by providing 97% immunity.
Last week, the doctor said he did not endorse Trump, or any candidate. “In my nearly five decades of public service, I have never publicly endorsed any political candidate,” Fauci told CNN. “The comments attributed to me without my permission in the campaign ad were taken out of context from a broad statement I made months ago about the efforts of federal public-health officials.”
Returning to a life beyond COVID-19 won’t happen until “the end” of 2021, Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, an oncologist, adviser to Joe Biden and vice provost for global initiatives at the University of Pennsylvania, told MarketWatch. “But it’ll probably be enough to begin opening colleges and universities [and] schools.” That too will depend on any vaccine, its distribution and its effectiveness.
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Emanuel has been critical of the government’s response to the pandemic thus far. “We never had an efficient testing regime so we could quickly identify people, isolate them and prevent spread,” he added. “We didn’t have effective implementation uniformly across the country, with the public health measures: physical distancing, face-mask wearing, limiting crowds is critical to that.”
Serving as advisers to Biden’s transition team on COVID-19 are Dr. Beth Cameron, former senior director for global health security and biodefense on the White House National Security Council staff, and Dr. Rebecca Katz, professor and director of the Center for Global Health Science and Security at Georgetown University Medical Center. They will work closely with the Advisory Board.
The Biden transition team said the new task force will consult with state and local officials: “President-elect Biden has pledged to bring leadership to the COVID pandemic, which continues to claim thousands of lives each week, by curbing the spread of the disease, providing free treatment to those in need, and elevating the voices of scientists and public health experts.”